General Assembly Legislative Report

Posted May 13th, 2016 by Administrator
Categories: Programs

This session of the Virginia General Assembly included some inter-party cooperation but also the most vetoes in almost 20 years, and a post-session executive order that has spurred calls for a special session. This led to a more adversarial relationship between Democratic Governor McAuliffe and the Republican General Assembly majority than perhaps ever before.

Terry Cooper (1)Three of our legislators spoke at our Wednesday May 11, 2016 meeting. Following the presentation, questions were taken from the audience. The program was moderated by SSV board member Terry Cooper (left).


Deeds, Landes, Toscano (1)

Senator Creigh Deeds (D) represents the 25th Senate District which includes the cities of Buena Vista, Charlottesville, Covington, and Lexington, and the counties of Albemarle (part), Alleghany, Bath, Highland, Nelson, and Rockbridge.

Delegate Steve Landes (R) represents the 25th House of Delegates District which includes portions of Albemarle, Augusta, and Rockingham Counties.

Delegate David Toscano (D) represents the 57th House of Delegates District which includes Charlottesville and part of Albemarle County.

Program Summary

Delegate Toscano led off with a PowerPoint presentation characterizing the actions taken during the session as, “the good, the bad and the funny.” Definitely in the latter category was HB 335 which established the Eastern Garter Snake as the official snake of the Commonwealth and consolidates the Northern Cardinal as the state bird and the American Dogwood as the state tree.

SB 352, sponsored by Senator Deeds, designates Nelsonite as the state rock. HB 1142 allows the hunting of wild birds and animals—except deer, bear, elk and turkey—with a sling shot!

Moving to more substantive issues, an investment of almost $1 billion was made in K-12 education. Teachers will receive a two percent raise midyear, $300 million in new dollars was appropriated for higher education and $12.5 million in new dollars for community colleges. Delegate Toscano concluded with a review of the numerous actions taken that bear on Virginia’s economy.

Senator Deeds emphasized three points about the session. He noted that over his years of service, things have become increasingly more partisan, yet in this session, both sides joined together for the good of education. Similarly, the gun legislation offered something to like and dislike for everyone. The overturning of Supreme Court Justice Jane Roush was the first time in over 100 years that a sitting governor’s appointment to the Supreme Court was not confirmed.

Delegate Landes made available detailed printed copies of the session highlights and then concentrated his remarks on the budget, education, economic development, restoration of rights, and the process for the appointment of Supreme Court justices. Because of his committee assignments, he spends a lot of time on the state budget which was approved this session for a total of $105 billion for the biennium.

The Pros and Cons of the FISA Court

Posted April 13th, 2016 by Administrator
Categories: Programs

The FISA Court (or Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act Court) was established by act of Congress in 1978 to oversee requests for surveillance warrants involving suspected foreign spies within the United States by federal law-enforcement and intelligence agencies, principally the FBI and the National Security Agency.

Senior Fellows at the Law School’s Center for National Security Law, Ashley Deeks and Fred Hitz discuss the FISA Court and its pros and cons.

Deeks and Hitz spoke at our Wednesday April 13, 2016 meeting. Following the presentation, questions were taken from the audience. The program was moderated by SSV board member Terry Cooper. The presentation is provided in this podcast.

$1080-Ashley DeeksAshley Deeks is an associate professor at the University of Virginia Law School. Prior to joining the Law School’s faculty she was the assistant legal adviser for political-military affairs in the Legal Adviser’s Office at the Department of State where, among many other duties, she advised on intelligence issues. She has also served as a fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Ms. Deeks is a cum laude graduate of Williams College and an honors graduate of the University of Chicago Law School.

$1100-Frederick HitzFrederick P. Hitz is an adjunct professor at the Law School and the Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy. For more than 30 years, while ostensibly being a lawyer in a buttoned-down private practice, he served in various capacities at the Central Intelligence Agency, both in line positions such as deputy director for Europe in the Directorate of Operations and in staff positions like Inspector General. He has written extensively on espionage and intelligence issues. His publications include “The Great Game: the Myth and Reality of Espionage” and “Why Spy? Espionage in an Era of Uncertainty.”  Mr. Hitz is a graduate of Princeton University and Harvard Law School.

Program Summary

The FISA Court (or Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act Court) was established by act of Congress in 1978 to oversee requests for surveillance warrants involving suspected foreign spies within the United States by federal law-enforcement and intelligence agencies, principally the FBI and the National Security Agency. The way the FISA Court operates is quite controversial. For example, it meets in secret. No representative of the person proposed to be surveilled is allowed to be present. The court’s rulings cannot be appealed or even seen by the public, even though in a number of cases it has issued far-reaching decisions broadening the types of situations in which surveillance may proceed without a warrant.

The judges of the FISA Court are selected by a single person, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, without review or confirmation by the Senate or anyone else. Topics covered included the origins of the FISA Court; its original purpose; how its charter has been changed to reflect the additional issues now facing the court; Edward Snowden and the government’s collection of metadata; criticisms of the FISA Court and much more.

In the 1970s it wasn’t clear whether the government had to get a warrant before it was conducting national security surveillance which to some looked like a search under the Fourth Amendment. The difference is the information was being collected for a different purpose, not in pursuit of a criminal prosecution, but rather an attempt to detect spies in the United States who were engaged in espionage against us.

Recycling in the Commonwealth

Posted March 15th, 2016 by Administrator
Categories: Programs

Mr. van der Linde of van der Linde Recycling and senior manager Andy Johnson spoke at our Wednesday, March 9, 2016 meeting. Questions were then taken from the audience. The program was moderated by SSV Past President Bob McGrath. Here is a podcast of the meeting.

Peter van der Linde and Andy Johnson

After 14 years at sea as a Merchant Marine Captain, in 1986 Peter van der Linde returned to Charlottesville and spent the next 30 years building homes. After creating a roll-off container rental business to supplement his own hauling needs as a contractor, he began to take a closer look at what was being thrown away. He knew he could do better than letting good building material go into a landfill. After much research van der Linde Recycling was born with the installation of the largest construction and demolition (C&D) separator that had been installed up to that time. The 70,000 sq. ft. C&D processing facility opened its doors in December of 2008, concurrent with the economic meltdown. Construction waste stopped. The timing couldn’t have been worse.

For those first several months, Pete scrambled to bring in sufficient material to keep the operation going. Almost immediately, he began the construction of another facility to receive co-mingled recyclables and Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) as an additional source of supply to meet his company’s needs. He also went into concrete crushing and wood grinding creating two new products: gravel and mulch. The diversification helped them while the C&D waste stream began to recover.

A year later, in Nov. 2009, the MSW facility opened. With ongoing awareness on the part of surrounding businesses and communities looking for a safe and reliable place to recycle their C&D and MSW, van der Linde was able to continue without interruption. Today they have a 50-50 intake of material, half C&D and half MSW. Right now they are averaging about 800 tons per day, 400 tons of each.

Never satisfied, Peter decided to invest an additional 6 million dollars into expanding the capabilities of the MSW facility. This included developing proprietary processes, adding additional mechanization to the sorting process and installing additional balers to increase our product marketability. He was recently a featured cover story in WHEN magazine because of the innovations he is making toward recycling.


Prospects for Economic Growth

Posted February 13th, 2016 by Administrator
Categories: Programs

Speaker Ann MacherasRichmond Federal Reserve Bank Vice President Ann Battle Macheras discusses the Charlottesville economy, the national economy and monetary policy. Dr. Macheras oversees Regional Research and Economic Education at the Richmond Bank’s Research Department. In addition, her research interests include regional industry specialization and determinants of growth at the regional level.

The Regional Research group provides analysis and research on regional economic conditions in the Fifth Federal Reserve District, which includes North and South Carolina, Virginia, most of West Virginia, Maryland, and the District of Columbia. The Economic Education group works with teachers, students, and the general public to share knowledge and enhance understanding about the economy and the role of the Fed.

The program was moderated by SSV Board Member Nancy Hunt. Listen to a podcast of the presentation.

Dr. Macheras joined the Richmond Bank as vice president of the Research Department in February 2009. Prior to joining the Federal Reserve Bank, she served as senior economist for the Virginia Economic Development Partnership, and also held positions in banking, consulting, and academics. She currently serves on the Joint Advisory Board of Economists for the Commonwealth of Virginia.

Dr. Macheras completed her Ph.D. in economics at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and her undergraduate degree from Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service.

Program Summary

This summary is from an article that was written by Allison Wrabel for the February 11 issue of The Daily Progress.  She can be contacted at

Central Virginia is on the road to job recovery, according to an economic update. Richmond Federal Reserve Bank Vice President Ann Battle Macheras discussed the Charlottesville-area economy, the national economy and monetary policy at an event sponsored by the Senior Statesmen of Virginia.

Mancheras said the state economy still is working on recovering from the recession and federal government spending cuts because Virginia is one of the top states for federal contracting. “But since then, the good news is employment growth has been catching up, inching closer to being back on par with U.S. growth,” she said. “I’m pretty optimistic, seeing that trend.”

“Charlottesville is doing pretty well, I think, relative to the state,” she said. “Most recent employment growth numbers aside, because it has slowed, it still has had some really good job creation since we’ve been in the recovery.”

In the Charlottesville Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is made up of the city and Albemarle, Buckingham, Fluvanna, Greene and Nelson counties, professional and business services employment decreased 4.2 percent from December 2014 to December 2015. Mancheras said she could not figure out what exactly caused the decrease, but in mid-March the data will possibly get adjusted against other data.

“This is a really interesting time to report out on regional employment data because the numbers are subject to some revision, and the smaller the area, the more possible it is that you get some revisions,” she said.

Charlottesville area unemployment is consistently lower than state and national levels. In the U.S., there was an average monthly gain of 228,000 jobs in 2015.

“The Federal Open Market Committee participants are expecting that the unemployment rate is going to level off,” she said. “It’s at 4.9 percent right now and the expectation is that it’s not going to decline much more.”

The labor force participation rate has been at historic lows — 62.7 percent, currently — and Macheras said they attribute that to the changing age of the workforce. “Now the puzzle is, why don’t we have more people participating in the labor force on the younger side,” she said.

Faith McClintic, economic development director for Albemarle County, said the information Macheras presented was very consistent with the economic data that the county has been looking at. “We’ve been doing some detailed analysis of a lot of economic data, as well, as our basis for development of the Economic Development Strategic Plan, so there were no surprises there,” she said.

McClintic said she has been looking at what is triggering growth in other areas of the state, such as the Winchester area’s 2.5 percent employment growth versus the 0.6 percent in the Charlottesville area. “That’s what I’m going to go look at — what’s happening here that’s causing that change — because that will help us better understand our local economy and that of our competition,” she said.

Overall, Mancheras said she thinks the labor market numbers have been pretty positive. She said she sees a lot of people start to think the economy is in danger when they see the stock market fluctuate, but they need to remember that the underlying economy is doing well.

“It’s very easy for people, I think, to react when the stock market reacts, but the stock market reacts very quickly and sometimes for mysterious reasons,” she said. “With the real economy — output, employment — that’s where you need to stay focused.”

Pursuing Excellence in Health Care

Posted January 31st, 2016 by Administrator
Categories: Programs

Dr. Richard Shannon spoke about the importance of quality in health care, the Be Safe program at the University of Virginia and its impact on patients and health care professionals as well as his thoughts on how health care quality can be improved. Dr. Shannon spoke at the Wednesday January 13, 2016 meeting. The program was moderated by SSV Vice President Rich DeMong.

2016-01-13-2-shannonRichard P. Shannon, MD is the executive vice president for health affairs at the University of Virginia. He is responsible for aligning the key components of the UVa Health System to achieve the goal of becoming a top-decile academic medical center.

Prior to joining the UVa Health System, Dr. Shannon served as the Frank Wister Thomas Professor and Chair of the Department of Medicine at the Univ. of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine. Prior to his appointment at the Univ. of Pennsylvania, Dr. Shannon served as chair of the Department of Medicine at Allegheny General Hospital in Pittsburgh.

Dr. Shannon received his BA from Princeton, and MD from the Univ. of Connecticut School of Medicine. He did his training in internal medicine at Beth Israel Hospital, his cardiovascular training at Massachusetts General Hospital. He was a professor of Medicine at Harvard and Drexel. Both Harvard and Drexel have honored him with numerous teaching awards. Dr. Shannon’s investigative interests are in the area of myocardial metabolism and heart failure, specifically the role of energetics in the progression of heart failure. Dr. Shannon’s lab was the first to discover the beneficial CV actions of incretins which formed the basis for Ventrigen, LLC, a company designed to develop incretins for the use in treating heart failure.

Dr. Shannon’s pioneering work in patient safety is chronicled in the chapter – “First, Do No Harm,” Charles Kenney’s book, The Best Practice: How the New Quality Movement is Transforming Medicine. Dr. Shannon’s innovative work also has been featured in the Wall Street Journal and New York Times, on CNN and CNBC news segments and ABC’s “20/20,” and the PBS report entitled “Remaking American Medicine.”

Dr. Shannon is an elected member of several honorary organizations, editorial boards, and boards of directors including the following: American Board of Internal Medicine, Pennsylvania Health Care Cost Containment Council, Kaiser Foundation Hospitals, Kaiser Foundation Health Plan, Inc. and UVa’s Physicians Group.

Program Summary

Dr. Shannon stated that the University of Virginia Medical Center will make some patient outcome statistics public as part of an effort to improve transparency. He said the hospital is part of many professional organizations nationwide that track patient outcomes. The American College of of Cardiology, for instance, tracks heart attack patient mortality rates in hospitals — the nationwide average last year was 4.6 percent, while UVa’s mortality rate was 3.4 percent.

The Medical Center is working to gather many of these statistics, covering a wide variety of conditions, so people can compare UVa’s outcomes with the reported national averages, Shannon said. The hospital will begin rolling out the data this spring. “I want you to be able to know what your five-year survival rate is if you have small cell lung cancer,” Shannon said.

The data will allow people to compare UVa Medical Center only with national averages. Head-to-head comparisons won’t be available — unless other institutions are doing the same thing. Shannon said the data would include not only mortality rates, but rates of complications and infection. He promised to share unflattering statistics with the public in the hope of improvement. “If we’re not looking at the data, we can’t [get better],” he said.

Decreasing hospital-acquired infections has been a major focus for Shannon, who arrived at UVa from the University of Pennsylvania Health System in 2013. Shannon told the audience at Wednesday’s event that he believes reducing such infections can be the main driver behind cutting health care costs.

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has estimated a reduction in hospital-acquired infections saved 50,000 lives and $12 billion nationwide between 2010 and 2013. The department credits new Medicare payment incentives, instituted as part of the Affordable Care Act, and HHS initiatives with driving the changes.

UVa has been instituting changes to reduce its own infection rates. According to Shannon, the number of catheter-related urinary tract infections (one of the most common problems in hospitals) dropped from 166 in the 2013 fiscal year to 21 in the last fiscal year. This year, the hospital is on pace for just five such infections, he said.

Virginia Roy, a board member with the Senior Statesmen, said she was impressed by Shannon’s presentation. She said she thinks the national mandate was the real driving force behind UVa’s safety improvements. “The regulations Medicare has put in place — I think that was the impetus for this,” Roy said.

Shannon — who often tells UVa’s Board of Visitors he wants to make the Medical Center “the safest hospital in America” — said he believes making outcome data available to the public will help boost the hospital’s national reputation. “Excellence is defined by clinical outcomes,” Shannon said, downplaying the role of flashy public relations campaigns. “That billboard stuff, that front-page stuff — I’m not sure that’s real quality,” he said.

How We Choose Our Judges

Posted December 12th, 2015 by Administrator
Categories: Programs

2015-12-09-1-rutledgeJesse Rutledge is vice president for external affairs at the National Center for State Courts (NCSC) in Williamsburg, Virginia. On December 9, 2015, he talked about how Virginia and other states select their state-court judges and the advantages and disadvantages of each method. In this podcast, you will learn how many states let the people pick their judges through popular elections and what the US Supreme Court had to say about freedom of speech when judges must also be “candidates” like other politicians. Virginia is one of two states that select judges by vote of the legislature. The program was moderated by SSV board member Terry Cooper.

At NCSC Mr. Rutledge oversees the organization’s communications, marketing, information services, associations, conferences, and private development efforts. Prior to joining NCSC, he served as deputy director at the Justice at Stake Campaign in Washington, D.C. where his work focused on documenting special interest threats to the courts and developing public education campaigns to combat those threats. His commentary has appeared in state and national media, including the Boston Globe, the Chicago Tribune, the Los Angeles Times, Roll Call, and on National Public Radio and BBC Radio. He holds a B.A. and M.A. in political science.

Program Summary

Mr. Rutledge’s central theme addressed the competing values of independence vs. accountability. That is, we place a high value on the ability of our judges to act independently, yet at the same time we want them to be accountable for their actions. The various states have adopted differing methods of choosing their judges and each method affects the competing values of independence and accountability.

States employ four different methods to choose their judges. Virginia is one of just two states that select their judges through legislative elections. Ten states use a process Rutledge terms as “appointment without retention election.” The so-called “Missouri Plan with election retention” is used by 16 states, and 22 states hold contested elections.

Mr. Rutledge discussed the role of financing for the campaigns in those states that hold popular elections and the ramifications for the competing values of independence and accountability. He also showed videos of campaign ads that had many in the audience cringing—and others laughing!

Update on the Supreme Court

Posted November 14th, 2015 by Administrator
Categories: Programs

Slate Magazine senior editor Dahlia Lithwick recaps highlights from the Supreme Court’s last term, previews the new term, and talks about current big themes. Ms. Lithwick spoke at our Friday November 13, 2015 meeting.  The program was moderated by SSV President Bob McGrath. Listen to the podcast of her remarks.

2015-11-13-1-lithwickDahlia Lithwick is a senior editor at Slate Magzine, and in that capacity, writes the Supreme Court Dispatches and Jurisprudence columns. Her work has appeared in the New York Times, Harper’s, The New Yorker, The Washington Post, and Commentary, among other places. She won a 2013 National Magazine Award for her columns on the Affordable Care Act.

Ms. Lithwick has been twice awarded an Online Journalism Award for her legal commentary and was the first online journalist invited to be on the Reporters Committee for the Freedom of the Press. Ms. Lithwick has testified before Congress about access to justice in the era of the Roberts Court. She has appeared on CNN, ABC, The Colbert Report, and is a frequent guest on The Rachel Maddow Show. Ms. Lithwick earned her BA from Yale University and her JD degree from Stanford University. She is currently working on a book about the four women justices of the United States Supreme Court.

Program Summary

Dahlia Lithwick described the 2014 term which ended in June 2015 as monumentally important and interesting and addressed the following cases:  lethal injections; the challenge to ObamaCare to dismantle the Affordable Care Act; nonpartisan redistricting commissions; housing discrimination; separation of powers case (who gets to set policy about foreign affairs); a trifecta of free-speech cases; and two religious freedom cases.

What was emblematic about this term was that the left wing of the court that doesn’t always hang together, hung together (they absolutely worked as a team) and the right wing did not. The big takeaways were that Justice Anthony Kennedy was “The Decider” and that a lot of the cases that came to the court probably shouldn’t have been to the court in the first place.

In pivoting to a discussion of the coming term. Ms. Lithwick did so with the caveat that the court hasn’t docketed the whole term so we don’t know what’s coming up in the spring. Some of the cases the court will hear this term include the challenge to the proposition that one-person, one-vote is the law of the land; financing of public sector unions; affirmative action: abortion; a slew of criminal and class action cases; and a challenge to the exemption for contraception in the Affordable Care Act (just fill out a form to be exempt) that was accorded Hobby Lobby.

Ms. Lithwick noted how important the presidential election will be and the stakes with regard to the Supreme Court recognizing that with all the judges aged 80 and over we’ll see a sea change in the next four to five years.

Internet Security

Posted October 19th, 2015 by Administrator
Categories: Programs

Individuals ranging from youthful pranksters to international cyber criminals continuously threaten our personal, organizational, and indeed, the security of our nation. This was addressed as well as the current status of internet security at all levels including what you can do to better protect yourself in the digital age. Ms. Cheng and Mr Rzeszut spoke at the Wednesday, October 14, 2015 meeting. The program was moderated by SSV board member Rich DeMong. Listen to the podcast of the meeting and the Q&A.


2015-10-14-2-cheng (1)Elaine Cheng, managing director and chief information officer at CFA Institute, oversees all aspects of information technology globally for the organization. Her primary focus is to provide and support organization-wide IT, including infrastructure and architecture, applications development, business process re-engineering, networks, and computer operations. She is also accountable for the future vision and strategy of technology and systems at CFA Institute. Prior to joining CFA Institute, Ms. Cheng worked for M&T Bank in Buffalo, New York, as Group Vice President of Technology Business Services. In this position, she led development planning for major IT investments, managed technology relationships with retail, commercial and internal business units, and overhauled the project management process. She served as vice president of retail operations at the bank prior to this position. Ms. Cheng earned her BA from Vassar College and her MBA from the University of Rochester, both in New York.

2015-10-14-3-rzeszutEric Rzeszut is the help desk manager at UVA’s McIntire School of Commerce, and was previously an IT manager at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. He is a Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) with nearly two decades of information technology and information security experience. Eric is also co-author of the book 10 Don’ts on Your Digital Devices, a guide to data security and digital privacy for nontechnical users published by APress in 2014.

Program Summary

Elaine presented four common data protection strategies: fire walls; demilitarized zones; intrusion prevention systems; and identity and access management. She followed with nine information security breach categories: point-of-sale intrusions; payment card skimmers; crime wave; web app attacks; denial-of-service; physical theft/loss; insider misuse; cyber espionage; and miscellaneous errors. Elaine concluded with remarks about the latest corporate security and technology, and how cyber security policy can both help and hurt.

Eric is co-author of the book 10 Don’ts on Your Digital Devices, a guide to data security and digital privacy for nontechnical users published by APress in 2014. The title of his presentation was, “Five Lessons from 10 Don’ts: keeping your digital life safe and private!”

Eric provided the “official” theme of the book as follows: “In nontechnical language and engaging style, 10 Don’ts on Your Digital Devices explains to non-techie users of PCs and handheld devices exactly what to do and what not to do to protect their digital data from security and privacy threats at home, at work, and on the road. These include chronic threats such as malware and phishing attacks and emerging threats that exploit cloud-based storage and mobile apps.”

He added that more simply the book demonstrates “what not to do as a way to lead the reader to develop safer, more secure habits in the digital world.”
The 10 don’ts are: don’t get phished; don’t give up your password; don’t get lost in the cloud; don’t do secure things from insecure places; don’t look for a free lunch; don’t let the snoops in; don’t be careless when going mobile; don’t use dinosaurs; don’t trust anyone over… anything; and don’t forget the physical.

State Candidates Forum

Posted September 13th, 2015 by Administrator
Categories: Programs

Candidates for the contested Virginia Senate District 17, (Ned Gallaway (D)) House District 25, (Angela Lynn (D)) and the Albemarle County Commonwealth’s Attorney (Denise Lunsford (D), Tobert Tracci (R)) participated in a forum on September 9, 2015 that was moderated by Bob Gibson, executive director of the Sorensen Institute for Political Leadership.

Delegate Steve Landes (R) and Senator Bryce Reeves (R) both responded that they have scheduling conflicts due to prior commitments, and they did not attend the forum.


Program Summary

The event received extensive media coverage and the Daily Progress published a lengthy article reporting on the views of the candidates. The article, written by Progress reporter Derek Quizon, can be viewed on the Internet by clicking here.

Local Candidates Forum

Posted August 12th, 2015 by Administrator
Categories: Programs

Candidates for the Albemarle County Board of Supervisors and Charlottesville City Council gave their views on many of the issues and priorities for the County and City. Listen to the event with the podcast below from the Charlottesville Podcasting Network.

City of Charlottesville Candidates

Chris Callahn (on the left) and City of Charlottesville Candidates

Albemarle County Candidates

Albemarle County Candidates

The candidates spoke at the Wednesday, August 12, 2015 meeting of the Senior Statesmen of Virginia. Click here for identification of the candidates. The meeting was held at the Senior Center in Charlottesville. Following the presentation, questions were taken from the audience. The program was moderated by senior reporter for 1070 WINA News Radio Chris Callahan. Chris has been with the station for 41 years and was honored in 2014 by the Associated Press Broadcasters for the Best News Operation of the Year.

Program Summary

All candidates from the contested districts in Albemarle County, and all of the City Council candidates participated in the forum. The event received extensive media coverage and The Daily Progress published a lengthy article reporting on the views of the candidates. The article, written by Progress reporter Michael Bragg, can be viewed on the Internet at this location.